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Resources designed for teaching about electoral systems

It's rare to have such a lively opportunity to teach about democracy, but here it is. Bring the Citizens' Assembly into your classroom and inspire your students about voting and civic participation. Read a letter to Educators from the Chair of the Assembly, Jack Blaney.

Teaching aids, lesson plans, word games, and voting education kits are all listed below, to help educators explain and students examine electoral systems. By engaging your class on this important public issue, you can also clearly fulfill BC's learning outcomes. Scroll to the bottom for related learning outcomes for grades 5 and 8-12.

After checking out this page of educator's resources, also visit:


A unique lesson aid package is now available to help classrooms explore the Assembly's work and final recommendation. Assessing Electoral Systems:  opportunities for political education and active citizenship is especially useful to Socials 11 and Civic Studies 11 classes. Download:

  • Lesson aids in Word (136K) or PDF (164K)
  • Appendix in Word (9.6M) or PDF (2.3M)
  • Presentation on electoral system families, suitable for a Model Assembly at your school, in PowerPoint (42K) or PDF (110K)
Students and Assembly member at model Citizens' Assembly.

Paula Waatainen, of Rockridge Secondary School in West Vancouver, developed these lesson aids as part of her work towards receiving a Masters degree in social studies education. She was inspired by a Model Citizens' Assembly she organized at her school (pictured above).    

As participants in the model Assembly, a group of 60 Grade 11 and 12 students spent a morning learning about electoral systems. Then, they came to an agreement on what they thought was best electoral system for BC.  Five of these students presented their views (PDF 128K) to a Citizens' Assembly public hearing in North Vancouver.  


The following websites are helpful in teaching about electoral systems. However, the research staff at the Citizens' Assembly do not endorse these organizations or websites. 

Education level: (P) Post-Secondary (S) Secondary (E) Elementary 

Teaching Aids

Lesson Plans for Evaluating Electoral Systems

Voting Education Kit
Built by Elections BC, these education kits introduce youth to the basic principles of a provincial election under our current electoral system, with a focus on the importance of voting.    

Lesson Ideas

  • Create a current events poster by monitoring the news or searching for old articles about the Citizens' Assembly, the people who served as members and the Assembly's recommendation. (S)(E)
  • Fill in a Venn Diagram of Electoral systems (S)(E)
  • Colour a that map shows the different electoral systems in use around the world
Word Games 
Here are samples from American and Canadian websites. Use these as examples to create your own!

Math Exercises


Bringing the Citizens’ Assembly into your classroom can contribute to prescribed learning outcomes. For example, in grade 11 Political Issues I, "it is expected that students will:

  • identify the structure and operation of Canada's federal, provincial, and municipal governments
  • explain Canada's political system and contrast it with other political systems"
Related Prescribed Learning Outcomes for BC classrooms:

  • Grade 5 Politics and Law 
  • Grade 8 Social Studies Applications, Information Technology
  • Grade 9 Social Studies Applications, Information Technology
  • Grade 10 Social Studies Applications, Information Technology
  • Grade 11 Political Issues, Social Studies Skills and Processes, Communications
  • Grade 12 Cultures and Values, Communications
The Citizens' Assembly and the upcoming referendum are also a relevant additions to any current events curriculum. 

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